The 1949 Ford was an American automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company. It was the first all-new automobile design introduced by the Big Three after World War II, civilian production having been suspended during the war, and the 1946-1948 models from Ford, GM, and Chrysler being updates of their prewar models. Popularly called the Shoebox Ford for its slab-sided, ponton design, the 1949 Ford is credited both with saving Ford and ushering in modern streamlined car design with changes such as integrated fenders. The design would continue through the 1951 model year. After sticking with its well-received previous model through model year 1948, Ford completely redesigned its namesake car for 1949. Save for its drive train, this was an all-new car in every way, with a modern ladder frame now supporting a spring suspension in front and longitudinal semi-elliptical springs in back. The engine was moved forward to make more room in the passenger compartment and the antiquated torque was replaced by a modern drive shaft. Fords popular 226 CID (3.7 L) L-headstraight-6 and 239 CID (3.9 L) Flathead V8remained, now rated at 90 hp (67 kW) and 100 hp (75 kW), respectively.